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Max Ernst

Max Ernst, in full Maximilian Maria Ernst, (born April 2, 1891, Brühl, Germany — died April 1, 1976, Paris, France), German painter and sculptor who was one of the leading advocates of irrationality in art and an originator of the Automatismmovement of Surrealism. He became a naturalised citizen of both the United States (1948) and France (1958).

Ernst’s early interests were psychiatry and philosophy, but he abandoned his studies at the University of Bonn for painting. After serving in the German army during World War I, Ernst was converted to Dada, a nihilistic art movement, and formed a group of Dada artists in Cologne. With the artist-poet Jean Arp, he edited journals and created a scandal by staging a Dada exhibit in a public restroom. More important, however, were his Dada collages and photomontages, such as Here Everything Is Still Floating (1920), a startlingly illogical composition made from cutout photographs of insects, fish, and anatomical drawings ingeniously arranged to suggest the multiple identity of the things depicted.

Untitled 1958

Description: oil on panel, pianted 1957
Size: 10 3/4 x 8 3/8 in (27.2 x 21.2 cm)
Notes: signed 'max ernst' (lower right)


Description: encaustic, grattage and wash on paper laid down on the artist's mount. 1945
Size: 7 1/8 x 9 ¼ in. (18 x 23.6 cm.)
Notes: signed 'max ernst' (on the artist's mount)

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